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November is American Diabetes Month

Nov 04, 2019


Shelby Brawner, Extension Specialist

American Diabetes Month

A Snapshot
Diabetes in the United States

Diabetes:

  • 30.3 million people have diabetes.
    • That’s about 1 out of every 10 people.
    • 1 out of 4 don’t know they have diabetes

Prediabetes:

  • 84.1 million people – more than 1 out of 3 adults – have prediabetes
    • 9 out of 10 don’t know they have prediabetes
    • If you have prediabetes, losing weight by eating healthy & being more active, can cut your risk of getting type 2 diabetes in half.

Cost:

  • $245 billion total medical costs and lost work and wages for people with diagnosed diabetes.
  • Risk of death for adults with diabetes is 50% higher than for adults without diabetes.
  • Medical costs for people with diabetes are more than twice as high as for people without diabetes.

People who have diabetes are at higher risk of serious health complications:  Blindness, kidney failure, heart disease, stroke, and loss of toes, feet, or legs.

Types of Diabetes:

  • Type 1
    • Body doesn’t make enough insulin
      • Can develop at any age
      • No known way to prevent it
    • Nearly 18,000 youth diagnosed each year in 2011 and 2012
    • In adults, type 1 diabetes accounts for approximately 5% of all cases of diabetes
  • Type 2
    • Body can’t use insulin properly
      • Can develop at any age
      • Most cases can be prevented
    • In adults, type 2 diabetes accounts for approximately 95% of all diagnosed case of diabetes
    • More than 5,000 youth diagnosed each year in 2011 and 2012
    • 1.5 Million people 18 years and older diagnosed in 2015
    • Risk Factors for Type 2 Diabetes:
      • Being Overweight
      • Having a Family History
      • Being Physically Inactive
      • Being 45 and Older

What Can You Do?

  • You can prevent of delay type 2 diabetes:
    • Lose Weight if Needed
    • Eat Healthy
    • Be More Active
  • You can manage diabetes
    • Work with a Health Professional
    • Eat Healthy
    • Stay Active

Learn more on the CDC’s website on diabetes prevention, or speak to your doctor.

American Diabetes Month

REFERENCES:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Diabetes Statistics Report: Estimates of Diabetes and its Burden in the United States, 2017, Atlanta, GA U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2017.

American Diabetes Association, Economic Costs of Diabetes in the U.S. in 2012. Diabetes Care.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics.  Underlying Cause of Death 1999-2015 on CDC WONDER Online Database, released December, 2016. Data are from the Multiple Cause of Death Files, 1999-2015, as compiled form data provided by the 57 vital statistics jurisdictions through the Vital Statistics Cooperative Program.  Accessed on the CDC Wonder website on April 4, 2017.

Mayer-Davis EJ, Lawrence JM, Dabelea D, Divers J, Isom S, Dolan L, et al. Incidence Trends of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes among Youths, 2002-2012. N. Engl J Med. 2017;3761419-29.

CDC’s Division of Diabetes Translation works toward a world free of the devastation of diabetes.